Staining is the most popular method for enhancing both commercial and residential concrete floors. Concrete staining is highly versatile, allowing you to achieve just about any look imaginable to suit your design tastes and budget. Stains can be applied to both new or existing concrete floors and work equally well with concrete overlays.
Types of Concrete Stains
1. Reactive Stains
It is a traditional acid-based concrete stain reacts chemically with the concrete surface to produce variegated, translucent color tones and attractive marbling effects. The stain forms a permanent bond with the concrete and won't chip off or peel away.
2. Non – Reactive Stains
These stains are water-based acrylics which don't rely on chemical reaction to impart color. These stains come in a much broader palette of colors than acid stains, and they are easier to apply.
Tips for Choosing the Right Stain Color
To pick the best color and type of stain for your project, it will help to ask the following questions:
- Do I want to achieve translucent, variegated tones or more opaque, uniform color effects?
- Do I want bright, vibrant hues or more neutral earth tones?
- Is my overall design scheme modern or rustic?
- Will the color complement my walls or the exterior of my home (for outdoor concrete)?
How to Clean Stained Concrete?
Compared with other types of flooring, especially carpet, stained concrete floors are easier to clean. They have no fibers, grout lines, or crevices to trap dirt, and when protected with a sealer, they resist stains and abrasion. However, concrete floors aren't completely maintenance free, and you'll need to clean the surface regularly to keep it looking its best.
Interior Concrete Floor
To clean interior concrete floor, dry dust mopping and occasional wet mopping with a neutral-pH cleaner will keep your floors looking great. For floors that need deeper cleaning to remove stains, try using a stronger soap or a solution of soap plus ammonia.
Exterior Concrete Floor
Keep the surface clean by sweeping it with a broom or leaf blower or rinsing with a garden hose. To remove stubborn dirt, scrub with a mop or medium-bristle brush and a mild cleaner.
Decorative Concrete Floor
Decorative concrete flooring, including acid-stained concrete, and stained concrete overlays, is easy to maintain and will last indefinitely, if you follow several basic principles:
- Dust mop or broom sweep weekly to prevent dirt accumulation
- Damp mop monthly to remove smudging, scuffs, and water marks, and restore gloss
- Recoat with new floor polish once or twice per year to rebuild loss from cleaning and abrasion
- Exercise caution, and take precautions, before placing stationary materials or objects on your floor
- Maintain clean mats at exterior entrances
Concrete floors are everywhere and it’s easy to profit from them. Just take the time to learn about the different styles of concrete flooring and how to maintain them.
The author is an experienced concrete floor specialist and shares his expertise on concrete staining. For more details visit, kansascityconcretesolutions.com/concrete-staining